Publications

Biomechanics of “Whiplash” in Low-Velocity Collisions

Authors

Dr. Richard P. Howard, Dr. Richard M. Harding, Dr. Scott W. Krenrich

Publication

1999 International Body Engineering Conference Proceedings. September 28-30, 1999, Detroit, MI. Society of Automotive Engineers, Warrendale, PA. 1999; 8 pp. SAE Paper #1999-01-3235.1999 International Body Engineering Conference Proceedings. September 28-30, 1999, Detroit, MI. Society of Automotive Engineers, Warrendale, PA. 1999; 8 pp. SAE Paper #1999-01-3235.

Abstract

Recently, it has been demonstrated experimentally that the so- called “whiplash” response during low-velocity, rear-end collisions may produce a spontaneously resolving strain injury to muscles of the neck, but that injury to other spinal elements is biomechanically improbable.  This paper reviews the results of these studies as a means of addressing the longstanding controversy which surrounds “whiplash” and the claims that the “whiplash” response produces more extensive injuries.  It is concluded that there are no objective, experimentally-based scientific data to support the concept that the low-velocity “whiplash” response is capable of producing any injuries beyond those to the cervical musculature.

Copyright © 1999 SAE International. This article is posted on this website with permission from SAE International. This article is for viewing only, and may not be reprinted, copied, distributed or forwarded without permission from SAE.

 

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