Biomechanics of “Whiplash” in Low-Velocity Collisions
Dr. Richard P. Howard, Dr. Richard M. Harding, Dr. Scott W. Krenrich
1999 International Body Engineering Conference Proceedings. September 28-30, 1999, Detroit, MI. Society of Automotive Engineers, Warrendale, PA. 1999; 8 pp. SAE Paper #1999-01-3235.1999 International Body Engineering Conference Proceedings. September 28-30, 1999, Detroit, MI. Society of Automotive Engineers, Warrendale, PA. 1999; 8 pp. SAE Paper #1999-01-3235.
Recently, it has been demonstrated experimentally that the so- called “whiplash” response during low-velocity, rear-end collisions may produce a spontaneously resolving strain injury to muscles of the neck, but that injury to other spinal elements is biomechanically improbable. This paper reviews the results of these studies as a means of addressing the longstanding controversy which surrounds “whiplash” and the claims that the “whiplash” response produces more extensive injuries. It is concluded that there are no objective, experimentally-based scientific data to support the concept that the low-velocity “whiplash” response is capable of producing any injuries beyond those to the cervical musculature.
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